International Trade Trade Glossary
30 Dec, 2010
Incoterms (International Commercial Terms) 2010 will take effect on January 1st, 2011. This revision addresses the changes in global and domestic trade that have taken place since the last revision, Incoterms 2000.
In contrast to the previous 4 classes, E, F, C, and D, Incoterms will now be separated into 2 groups - those applicable to all modes of transport and those applicable only to sea and inland waterway transport.
There will now be a total of 11 terms instead of 13, with 2 new additions - DAP and DAT, and 4 deletions - DAF, DDU, DEQ, and DES.
Incoterms 2010 applicable for all modes of transport:
EXW: ex works
FCA: free carrier
CPT: carriage paid to
CIP: carriage and insurance paid to
DAT: delivered at terminal - NEW!
DAP: delivered at place - NEW!
DDP: delivered duty paid
Incoterms 2010 only applicable for sea and inland waterway transport:
FAS: free alongside ship
FOB: free on board
CFR: cost and freight
CIF: cost, insurance and freight
The main purpose of Incoterms is to define the sharing of costs and transfer of risk or damage over the goods, up to an agreed place. This helps in avoiding misunderstanding and disputes among parties. Developed by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), ICC Incoterms have become the standard in international business rules setting.
Figure: Incoterms - Transfer of risk from buyer to seller (mouse over to enlarge image)